TYPO3 files use the following structure:
Opening PHP tag (including strict_types declaration)
Class information block in phpDoc format
Optional module execution code
The following sections discuss each of these parts.
The namespace declaration of each PHP file in the TYPO3 Core shows
where the file belongs inside TYPO3. The namespace starts with
TYPO3\CMS, then the extension name in UpperCamelCase, a
backslash and then the name of the subfolder of
which the file is located (if any). E.g. the file
with the class
ContentObjectRenderer is in the namespace
use statements can be added to this section.
TYPO3 is released under the terms of GNU General Public License version 2 or any later version. The copyright notice with a reference to the license text must be included at the top of every TYPO3 PHP class file. User files must have this copyright notice as well. Example:
declare(strict_types = 1);
* This file is part of the TYPO3 CMS project.
* It is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
* the terms of the GNU General Public License, either version 2
* of the License, or any later version.
* For the full copyright and license information, please read the
* LICENSE.txt file that was distributed with this source code.
* The TYPO3 project - inspiring people to share!
The wording must not be changed/updated/extended, under any circumstances.
Necessary PHP classes should be imported like explained in the TYPO3 Coding Standards, (based on PER-CS1.0 / PSR-12 at the time of this writing, transitioning towards PER-CS2.0):
Put one blank line before and after import statements. Also put one import statement per line.
Class Information Block¶
The class information block provides basic information about the class in the file. It should include a description of the class. Example:
* This class provides XYZ plugin implementation.
The PHP class follows the class information block. PHP code must be formatted as described in chapter "PHP syntax formatting".
The class name is expected to follow some conventions. It must be identical to the file name and must be written in upper camel case.
The PHP class declaration looks like the following:
class SomeClass extends AbstractBackend implements BackendInterface
Optional Module Execution Code¶
Module execution code instantiates the class and runs its method(s).
Typically this code can be found in
eID scripts and old Backend
modules. Here is how it may look like:
$someClass = GeneralUtility::makeInstance(SomeClass::class);
This code must appear after the PHP class.