type = ‘user’


There are three columns config types that do similar things but still have subtle differences between them. These are the none type , the passthrough type and the user type .

Characteristics of user :

  • A value sent to the DataHandler is just kept as is and put into the database field. Default FormEngine however never sends values.
  • Unlike none, type user must have a database field.
  • FormEngine only renders a dummy element for type user fields by default. It should be combined with a custom renderType.
  • Type user field values are rendered as-is at other places in the backend. They for instance can be selected to be displayed in the list module “singel table view”.
  • Field updates by the DataHandler get logged and the history/undo function will work with such values.

The user field can be useful, if:

  • A special rendering and evaluation is needed for a value when editing records via FormEngine.


In previous versions of TYPO3 core, type='user' had a property userFunc to call an own class method of some extension. This has been substituted with a custom element using a renderType . See example below.


The example registers an own node element a TCA field using it and a class implementing a rendering. See FormEngine docs for more details on this.

Register an own node element:

// Register a node in ext_localconf.php
$GLOBALS['TYPO3_CONF_VARS']['SYS']['formEngine']['nodeRegistry'][<unix timestamp of "now">] = [
    'nodeName' => 'lollisCustomMapElement',
    'priority' => 40,
    'class' => \Vendor\Extension\Form\Element\LollisCustomMapElement::class,

Use it as renderType in TCA:

'myMapElement' = [
    'label' => 'My map element',
    'config' => [
        'type' => 'user',
        'renderType' => 'lollisCustomMapElement',
        'parameters' => [
            'useOpenStreetMap' => true,

Add a class implementation:

declare(strict_types = 1);
namespace Vendor\Extension\Form\Element;

use TYPO3\CMS\Backend\Form\Element\AbstractFormElement;

class LollisCustomMapElement extends AbstractFormElement
    public function render()
        // Custom TCA properties and other data can be found in $this->data, for example the above
        // parameters are available in $this->data['parameterArray']['fieldConf']['config']['parameters']
        $result = $this->initializeResultArray();
        $result['html'] = 'my map content';
        return $result;

Properties renderType default

The default renderType just renders a dummy entry to indicate a custom renderType should be added.