Basic Fluid templates

Here, we intend to concentrate most design work in a single file at a time.

Prepare TypoScript

First, in the TYPO3 CMS backend, create a standard page named Home just under (inside) the page tree TYPO3 logo container. On this standard page, create a new TypoScript template record. Give the new TypoScript template a title, make it a rootlevel template, and include the Fluid Content Elements (fluid_styled_content) static template. In the TypoScript template Setup field, write the following lines:

lib {
   topNavigation = HMENU
   topNavigation {
      1 = TMENU
      1.NO.linkWrap = | |*|     |*|
   }
   breadcrumbTrail = HMENU
   breadcrumbTrail {
      special = rootline
      special.range = 0|-1
      1 = TMENU
      1.NO {
         stdWrap.field = nav_title // title
         ATagTitle.field = nav_title // title
         linkWrap = | |*|  »  |*|
      }
      1.CUR = 1
      1.CUR {
         doNotLinkIt = 1
         stdWrap.field = nav_title // title
         linkWrap = | |*| &nbsp;&raquo;&nbsp;<em>|</em>|
      }
   }
}

This TypoScript template provides the fluid_styled_content static template and two library objects, topNavigation and breadcrumbTrail , to the Home page and any of its subpages.

A single column page design

This design produces a basic web page having a header, one column for content, and a footer. Each of the page sections has a uniquely identified HTML <div> tag, allowing for future stylesheet application.

In the TYPO3 CMS backend, create a standard page named SingleColumn just under (inside) the Home page. On the SingleColumn standard page, create a TypoScript extension template. In the TypoScript template Setup field, write the following lines:

page = PAGE
page.1 = FLUIDTEMPLATE
page.1 {
   templateName = Basic1Column
   templateRootPaths.1 = fileadmin/sitedesign/Resources/Private/Templates
   variables {
      contentNormal < styles.content.get
   }
}

This SingleColumn page TypoScript template tells TYPO3 CMS the name of the Fluid template and where to find it, using a slightly different syntax than the Minimal design page TypoScript template. Additionally, the SingleColumn TypoScript creates a contentNormal variable that obtains all available content from the TYPO3 backend SingleColumn page Normal column.

Create a file named Basic1Column.html in the fileadmin/sitedesign/Resources/Private/Templates folder, and write the following lines in the file:

<div id="page">
   <div id="page-header">
      <div id="navigation-top-level">
         <f:cObject typoscriptObjectPath="lib.topNavigation" />
      </div>
      <div id="navigation-trail">
         {f:cObject(typoscriptObjectPath:'lib.breadcrumbTrail')->f:format.raw()}
      </div>
   </div>
   <div id="page-body">
      <div id="page-title">{data.title}</div>
      <div id="whole-content">
         <f:format.raw>{contentNormal}</f:format.raw>
      </div>
      <div id="page-body-end">&nbsp;</div>
   </div>
   <div id="page-footer">
      <div id="footer-notice">
         <p>This is the page footer area.</p>
      </div>
   </div>
</div>

This SingleColumn page Fluid template tells TYPO3 CMS how to assemble an HTML <body> element for output. Notice that the template does not define the default markup seen in the minimal design resulting web page HTML source.

Much of this SingleColumn page Fluid template has typical HTML notation. The f: prefixed items denote the Fluid namespace and follow Fluid rules. Examples here include <f:cObject /> (shown in tag notation) and f:cObject()->f:format.raw() (shown in inline notation). Fluid also operates on the bracketed {…} items, such as {contentNormal} and even the long {f:cObject…} item in navigation-trail . The {data.title} item here fetches the web page title from the underlying repository.

A double column page design

This design produces a basic web page having a header, two columns for content, and a footer.

In the TYPO3 CMS backend, create a standard page named DoubleColumn just under (inside) the Home page. On the DoubleColumn standard page, create a TypoScript extension template record. In the TypoScript template Setup field, write the following lines:

page = PAGE
page.1 = FLUIDTEMPLATE
page.1 {
   templateName = Basic2ColumnPage
   templateRootPaths.1 = fileadmin/sitedesign/Resources/Private/Layouts
   variables {
      contentNormal < styles.content.get
      contentRight < styles.content.get
      contentRight.select.where = colPos = 2
   }
}

This DoubleColumn page TypoScript template tells TYPO3 CMS a different location to find the Fluid template, and adds a contentRight variable that obtains all available content from the TYPO3 backend DoubleColumn page Right column. The contentNormal variable will obtain content from the DoubleColumn page Normal column.

Create a file named Basic2ColumnPage.html in a fileadmin/sitedesign/Resources/Private/Layouts folder, and write the following lines in the file:

<div id="page">
   <div id="page-header">
      <div id="navigation-top-level"><f:cObject typoscriptObjectPath="lib.topNavigation" /></div>
      <div id="navigation-trail">{f:cObject(typoscriptObjectPath:'lib.breadcrumbTrail')->f:format.raw()}</div>
   </div>
   <div id="page-body">
      <div id="page-title">{data.title}</div>
      <div id="main-content">
         <f:format.htmlentitiesDecode>{contentNormal}</f:format.htmlentitiesDecode>
      </div>
      <div id="side-content">
         <f:format.htmlentitiesDecode>{contentRight}</f:format.htmlentitiesDecode>
      </div>
      <div id="page-body-end">&nbsp;</div>
   </div>
   <div id="page-footer">
      <div id="footer-notice"> <p>This is the page footer area.</p> </div>
   </div>
</div>

This DoubleColumn page Fluid template puts contentNormal and contentRight into separate <div> elements, and uses f:format.htmlentitiesDecode instead of f:format.raw .