Files and locations

Files

An extension consists of:

  1. A directory named by the extension key (which is a worldwide unique identification string for the extension), usually located in typo3conf/ext for local extensions, or typo3/sysext for system extensions.
  2. Standard files with reserved names for configuration related to TYPO3 (of which most are optional, see list below)
  3. Any number of additional files for the extension functionality itself.

Reserved file names

This lists special files within an extension that have a special meaning by convention. If put at the according places, TYPO3 will find them and use for specific functionality. For example, if a svg logo of your extension is placed at Resources/Public/Icons/Extension.svg, the Extension Manager will show that image.

Nearly none of these are required, but for example you can not have a TYPO3 extension recognized by TYPO3 without the ext_emconf.php file, etc. You can read more details like that in the table below.

In general, do not introduce your own files in the root directory of extensions with the name prefix ext_.

Filename Description
ext_emconf.php

Definition of extension properties. This is the only mandatory file in the extension. It describes the extension for the rest of TYPO3.

Name, category, status etc. used by the Extension Manager. The content of this file is described in more details below. Note that it is auto-written by Extension Manager when extensions are imported from the repository.

Note

If this file is not present, the Extension Manager will not find the extension.

ext_localconf.php

Addition to LocalConfiguration.php which is included if found. Should contain additional configuration of $GLOBALS['TYPO3_CONF_VARS'].

This file contains hook definitions and plugin configuration. It must not contain a PHP encoding declaration.

All ext_localconf.php files of loaded extensions are included right after the files typo3conf/LocalConfiguration.php and typo3conf/AdditionalConfiguration.php during TYPO3 bootstrap.

Pay attention to the rules for the contents of these files. For more details, see the section below.

ext_tables.php

Included if found. Contains extensions of existing tables, declaration of backend modules, etc. All code in such files is included after all the default definitions provided by the Core and loaded after ext_localconf.php files during TYPO3 bootstrap.

Pay attention to the rules for the contents of these files. For more details, see the section below.

Note

In old TYPO3 core versions, this file contained additions to the global $GLOBALS['TCA'] array. This changed since core version 6.2 to allow effective caching:

TCA definition of new database tables must be done entirely in Configuration/TCA/<table name>.php. These files are expected to contain the full TCA of the given table (as an array) and simply return it (with a return statement).

Customizations of existing tables must be done entirely in Configuration/TCA/Overrides/<table name>.php.

ext_tables.sql

SQL definition of database tables.

This file should contain a table-structure dump of the tables used by the extension. It is used for evaluation of the database structure and is therefore important to check and update the database when an extension is enabled.

If you add additional fields (or depend on certain fields) to existing tables you can also put them here. In that case insert a CREATE TABLE structure for that table, but remove all lines except the ones defining the fields you need, here is an example adding a column to the pages table:

CREATE TABLE pages (
    tx_myext_field int(11) DEFAULT '0' NOT NULL,
);

TYPO3 will merge this table definition to the existing table definition when comparing expected and actual table definitions. Partial definitions can also contain indexes and other directives. They can also change existing table fields though that is not recommended, because it may create problems with the TYPO3 core and/or other extensions.

The ext_tables.sql file may not necessarily be "dumpable" directly to MySQL (because of the semi-complete table definitions allowed defining only required fields). But the Extension Manager or Install Tool can handle this. The only very important thing is that the syntax of the content is exactly like MySQL made it so that the parsing and analysis of the file is done correctly by the Extension Manager.

TYPO3 parses ext_tables.sql files. TYPO3 expects that all table definitions in this file look like the ones produced by the mysqldump utility. Incorrect definitions may not be recognized by the TYPO3 SQL parser or may lead to MySQL errors, when TYPO3 tries to apply them. If TYPO3 is not running on MySQL or directly compatible other DBMS like MariaDB, the system will parse the file towards the target DBMS like PostgreSQL.

ext_tables_static+adt.sql

Static SQL tables and their data.

If the extension requires static data you can dump it into a sql-file by this name. Example for dumping mysql data from bash (being in the extension directory):

mysqldump --add-drop-table \
          --password=[password] [database name] \
          [tablename]  > ./ext_tables_static.sql

--add-drop-table will make sure to include a DROP TABLE statement so any data is inserted in a fresh table.

You can also drop the table content using the Extension Manager in the backend.

Note

The table structure of static tables needs to be in the ext_tables.sql file as well - otherwise an installed static table will be reported as being in excess in the Install Tool.

Warning

Static data is not meant to be extended by other extensions. On re-import all extended fields and data is lost due to DROP TABLE statements.

ext_typoscript_constants.typoscript

Preset TypoScript constants. Will be included in the constants section of all TypoScript templates.

Warning

Use such a file if you absolutely need to load some TS (because you would get serious errors without it). Otherwise static templates or usage of the Extension Management API of class TYPO3\CMS\Core\Utility\ExtensionManagementUtility are preferred.

ext_typoscript_setup.typoscript

Preset TypoScript setup. Will be included in the setup section of all TypoScript templates.

Warning

Use such a file if you absolutely need to load some TS (because you would get serious errors without it). Otherwise static templates or usage of the Extension Management API of class TYPO3\CMS\Core\Utility\ExtensionManagementUtility are preferred.

ext_conf_template.txt

Extension Configuration template.

Configuration code in TypoScript syntax setting up a series of values which can be configured for the extension in the Install Tool. Read more about the file format here.

If this file is present 'Settings' of the Install Tool provides you with an interface for editing the configuration values defined in the file. The result is written as an array to LocalConfiguration.php in the variable $GLOBALS['TYPO3_CONF_VARS']['EXTENSIONS'][*extension_key* ]

Configuration/Backend/Routes.php and Configuration/Backend/AjaxRoutes.php Registry of backend routes. Extensions that add backend modules must register their routes here to be correctly linkable in the backend. The file must return an array with routing details. See core extensions like backend for examples.
Resources/Public/Icons/Extension.svg

Extension icon. If exists, this icon is displayed in the Extension Manager. Preferred is using an SVG file, Extension icon will look nicer when provided as vector graphics (SVG) rather than bitmaps (GIF or PNG).

18x16 GIF, PNG or SVG icon for the extension.

class.ext_update.php

Local Update tool class

If this file is found it will install a new menu item, "UPDATE", in the Extension Manager when looking at details for the extension. When this menu item is selected the class inside of this file (named ext_update) will be instantiated and the method "main()" will be called and expected to return HTML content.

Also you must add the function "access()" and make it return a boolean value whether or not the menu item should be shown. This feature is meant to let you disable the update tool if you can somehow detect that it has already been run and doesn't need to run again. The point of this file is to give extension developers the possibility to provide an update tool if their extensions in newer versions require some updates to be done.

Reserved folders

In the early days, every extension baked it own bread when it came to file locations of PHP classes, public web resources and templates.

With the rise of Extbase, a generally accepted structure for file locations inside extensions has been established. If extension authors stick to this, the system helps in various ways. For instance, if putting PHP classes into the Classes/ folder and naming classes accordingly, the system will be able to autoload these without further action from the developer.

Extension kickstarters like the Extension Builder extension will create the correct structure for you.

It is described below:

Classes
Contains all PHP classes. One class per file. Should have sub folders like Controller/, Domain/, Service/ or View/. For more details on class file namings an PHP namespaces, see chapter namespaces.
Classes/Controller
Contains MVC Controller classes.
Classes/Domain/Model
Contains MVC Domain model classes.
Classes/Domain/Repository
Contains data repository classes.
Classes/ViewHelpers
Helper classes used in (Fluid) views.
Configuration
General configuration folder. Some of the sub directories in here like TCA and Backend have special meaning and files in there are automatically included during TYPO3 bootstrap.
Configuration/Backend/
Contains backend routing configurations. See files description of Routes.php and AjaxRoutes.php above.
Configuration/TCA
One file per database table, using the name of the table for the file, plus ".php". Only for new tables.
Configuration/TCA/Overrides
For extending existing tables, one file per database table, using the name of the table for the file, plus ".php".
Configuration/TsConfig/Page
Page TSconfig, see chapter 'Page TSconfig' in the TSconfig Reference. Files should have the file extension .tsconfig.
Configuration/TsConfig/User
User TSconfig, see chapter 'User TSconfig' in the TSconfig Reference. Files should have the file extension .tsconfig.
Configuration/TypoScript
TypoScript static setup (setup.typoscript) and constants (constants.typoscript). Use subfolders if you have several static templates.
Documentation
Contains the extension documentation in ReStructuredText (ReST, .rst) format. Read more on the topic in chapter extension documentation. Documentation/ and its subfolders may contain several ReST files, images and other resources.
Documentation/Index.rst
This file contains the cover page of the extension manual in ReST format. The name or format of the file may not be changed. You may include other ReST files as you like. See the "Extension Template" on docs.typo3.org for more information about structure and syntax of extension manuals.
Resources
Contains the subfolders Public/ and Private/, which contain resources, possibly in further subfolders, e.g. Templates/, Css/, Language/, Images/ or JavaScript/. This is also the directory for non–TYPO3 files supplied with the extension. TYPO3 is licensed under GPL version 2 or any later version. Any non–TYPO3 code must be compatible with GPL version 2 or any later version.
Resources/Private/Language
XLIFF files for localized labels.
Resources/Private/Layouts
Main layouts for (Fluid) views.
Resources/Private/Partials
Partial templates for repetitive use.
Resources/Private/Templates
One template per action, stored in a folder named after each Controller.
Resources/Public/Css
Any CSS file used by the extension.
Resources/Public/Images
Any images used by the extension.
Resources/Public/JavaScript
Any JS file used by the extension.
Tests/Unit
Contains unit tests and fixtures.
Tests/Functional
Contains functional tests and fixtures.