Widgets need to be provided by an extension, e.g. by ext:dashboard. They are provided as a PHP class with specific feature sets. Each of the widgets can be registered with different configurations as documented below.

Note

Difference between registration of widgets and implementation of widgets:

Widgets provide some functionality, e.g. collect system log errors over a time span. This functionality is provided by the implementation, a PHP class with some code. The registration is done in Services.yaml, in order to create the actual widget with provided functionality. During registration options can be set, e.g. the time span.

Registration is documented at Register new Widget, while implementation is documented at Implement new widget.

The below example will use the RSS Widget as an concrete example.

Register new Widget

Registration happens through Dependency Injection either in Services.yaml or Services.php. Both files can exist and will be merged.

Services.yaml is recommended and easier to write, while Services.php provide way more flexibility.

Naming widgets

Widgets receive a name in form of dashboard.widget.vendor.ext_key.widgetName.

vendor
Should be a snaked version of composer vendor.
ext_key
Should be the extension key.

This prevents naming conflicts if multiple 3rd Party extensions are installed.

Services.yaml File

In order to turn the PHP class \TYPO3\CMS\Dashboard\Widgets\RssWidget into an actual widget, the following service registration can be used inside of Configuration/Services.yaml:

services:
  _defaults:
    autowire: true
    autoconfigure: true
    public: false

  TYPO3\CMS\Dashboard\:
    resource: '../Classes/*'

  dashboard.widget.t3news:
    class: 'TYPO3\CMS\Dashboard\Widgets\RssWidget'
    arguments:
      $view: '@dashboard.views.widget'
      $buttonProvider: '@dashboard.buttons.t3news'
      $cache: '@cache.dashboard.rss'
      $options:
        feedUrl: 'https://www.typo3.org/rss'
    tags:
      - name: dashboard.widget
        identifier: 't3news'
        groupNames: 'news'
        title: 'LLL:EXT:dashboard/Resources/Private/Language/locallang.xlf:widgets.t3news.title'
        description: 'LLL:EXT:dashboard/Resources/Private/Language/locallang.xlf:widgets.t3news.description'
        iconIdentifier: 'content-widget-rss'
        height: 'large'
        width: 'medium'

The beginning of the file is not related to the widget itself, but dependency injection in general, see: Configure Dependency Injection in Extensions.

Service configuration

The last block configured a service called dashboard.widget.t3news.

This service is configured to use the existing PHP class TYPO3\CMS\Dashboard\Widgets\RssWidget. When creating the instance of this class, an array is provided for the constructor argument $options. This way the same PHP class can be used with different configuration to create new widgets.

The following keys are defined for the service:

class

In example: TYPO3\CMS\Dashboard\Widgets\RssWidget.

Defines concrete PHP class to use as implementation.

arguments

Highly depending on the used widget. Each widget can define custom arguments, which should be documented.

Documentation for provided widgets is available at Widgets.

tags

Registers the service as an actual widget for ext:dashboard. See Tags Section.

Tags Section

In order to turn the instance into a widget, the tag dashboard.widget is configured in tags section. The following options are mandatory and need to be provided:

name

Always has to be dashboard.widget. Defines that this tag configured the service to be registered as a widget for ext:dashboard.

identifier

In example: t3news.

Used to store which widgets are currently assigned to dashboards. Furthermore used to allow access control, see Permissions of widgets.

groupNames

In example: news.

Defines which groups should contain the widget. Used when adding widgets to a dashboard to group related widgets in tabs. Multiple names can be defined as comma separated string, e.g.: typo3, general.

See Create widget group regarding how to create new widget groups. There is no difference between custom groups and existing groups. Widgets are registered to all groups by their name.

title

In example: LLL:EXT:dashboard/Resources/Private/Language/locallang.xlf:widgets.t3news.title.

Defines the title of the widget. Language references are resolved.

description

In example: LLL:EXT:dashboard/Resources/Private/Language/locallang.xlf:widgets.t3news.description.

Defines the description of the widget. Language references are resolved.

iconIdentifier

In example: content-widget-rss.

One of registered icons. Icons can be registered through Icon API.

The following options are optional and have default values which will be used if not defined:

height

In example: large.

Has to be an string value large, medium or small.

width

In example medium.

Has to be an string value large, medium or small.

additionalCssClasses

Will be added to the surrounding rendered markup. Usually used when working with Graphs.

Splitting up Services.yaml

In case the Services.yaml is getting to large, it can be split up. The official documentation can be found at symfony.com. An example to split up all Widget related configuration would look like:

Configuration/Services.yaml:

imports:
  - { resource: Backend/DashboardWidgets.yaml }

Note

Note that you have to repeat all necessary information, e.g. services: section with _defaults: again.

Configuration/Backend/DashboardWidgets.yaml:

services:
  _defaults:
    autowire: true
    autoconfigure: true
    public: false

  TYPO3\CMS\Dashboard\Widgets\:
    resource: '../Classes/Widgets/*'

  dashboard.buttons.t3news:
    class: 'TYPO3\CMS\Dashboard\Widgets\Provider\ButtonProvider'
    arguments:
      $title: 'LLL:EXT:dashboard/Resources/Private/Language/locallang.xlf:widgets.t3news.moreItems'
      $link: 'https://typo3.org/project/news'
      $target: '_blank'

  dashboard.widget.t3news:
    class: 'TYPO3\CMS\Dashboard\Widgets\RssWidget'
    arguments:
      $view: '@dashboard.views.widget'
      $buttonProvider: '@dashboard.buttons.t3news'
      $cache: '@cache.dashboard.rss'
      $options:
        feedUrl: 'https://www.typo3.org/rss'
    tags:
      - name: dashboard.widget
        identifier: 't3news'
        groupNames: 'news'
        title: 'LLL:EXT:dashboard/Resources/Private/Language/locallang.xlf:widgets.t3news.title'
        description: 'LLL:EXT:dashboard/Resources/Private/Language/locallang.xlf:widgets.t3news.description'
        iconIdentifier: 'content-widget-rss'
        height: 'large'
        width: 'medium'

Services.php File

This is not intended for integrators but developers only, as this involves PHP experience.

The typical use case should be solved via Services.yaml. But for more complex situations, it is possible to register widgets via Services.php. Even if Services.php contains PHP, it is only executed during compilation of the dependency injection container. Therefore, it is not possible to check for runtime information like URLs, Users, etc..

Instead, this approach can be used to register widgets if certain extensions are enabled.

The following example demonstrates how a widget can be registered via Services.php:

<?php

declare(strict_types=1);
namespace Vendor\ExtName;

use Vendor\ExtName\Widgets\ExampleWidget;
use Vendor\ExtName\Widgets\Provider\ExampleProvider;
use Symfony\Component\DependencyInjection\ContainerBuilder;
use Symfony\Component\DependencyInjection\Loader\Configurator\ContainerConfigurator;
use Symfony\Component\DependencyInjection\Reference;
use TYPO3\CMS\Core\Utility\ExtensionManagementUtility;

return function (ContainerConfigurator $configurator, ContainerBuilder $containerBuilder) {
    $services = $configurator->services();

    if (ExtensionManagementUtility::isLoaded('reports')) {
        $services->set('widgets.dashboard.widget.exampleWidget')
            ->class(ExampleWidget::class)
            ->arg('$view', new Reference('dashboard.views.widget'))
            ->arg('$buttonProvider', new Reference(ExampleProvider::class))
            ->arg('$options', ['template' => 'Widget/ExampleWidget'])
            ->tag('dashboard.widget', [
               'identifier' => 'widgets-exampleWidget',
               'groupNames' => 'systemInfo',
               'title' => 'LLL:EXT:ext_key/Resources/Private/Language/locallang.xlf:widgets.dashboard.widget.exampleWidget.title',
               'description' => 'LLL:EXT:ext_key/Resources/Private/Language/locallang.xlf:widgets.dashboard.widget.exampleWidget.description',
               'iconIdentifier' => 'content-widget-list',
               'height' => 'medium',
               'width' => 'medium'
            ])
        ;
    }
};

Above example will register a new widget called widgets.dashboard.widget.exampleWidget. The widget is only registered, in case the extension “reports” is enabled.

Configuration is done in the same way as with Services.yaml, except a PHP API is used. The new Reference equals to @ inside the YAML, to reference another service. arguments: are registered via ->arg() method call. And tags: are added via ->tag() method call.

Using this approach, it is possible to provide widgets that depend on 3rd party code, without requiring this 3rd party code. Instead the 3rd party code can be suggested and is supported if its installed.

Further information regarding how Services.php works in general, can be found at symfony.com. Make sure to switch code examples from YAML to PHP.