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Localized labels

Using XLF labels in TypoScript structures

XLIFF (XLF) files are XML files containing labels that the system can fetch in a localized version if the relevant translations are installed. It is possible to retrieve values from XLF files using TypoScript:

page.20 = TEXT = LLL:EXT:indexed_search/Resources/Private/Language/locallang.xlf:form.submit

This looks for the label form.submit in the file Resources/Private/Language/locallang.xlf from extension "indexed_search".

If the frontend is now accessed in the language "de", the german language is configured in the site configuration and the german translations are installed in getLabelsPath()/de/, the output should be "Suche" (instead "Search" which is what you will get if the label is retrieved for the default language).

Using XLF labels in frontend plugins

Making your code ready for internationalization is covered in Internationalization and Localization and basics about XLIFF files are found in XLIFF Format ("TYPO3 Explained"). Properly made plugins should use XLIFF files for every label that they used, so that they can be translated and thus generate a proper output when a specific language is requested.

For instance, if the page is accessed in the language "de" and the German translations are installed, you will see this page for "indexed search":

Indexed search in German

Output from the indexed search plugin in German

Overriding an existing translation is possible using custom XLIFF files. This process is described in Core APIs.

It is also possible to override a label using TypoScript, but this works only for plugins based on the \TYPO3\CMS\Frontend\Plugin\AbstractPlugin class and not for those based on Extbase. See the TypoScript Reference for more information.

It is also possible to create XLIFF files for a language into which TYPO3 CMS is not translated yet. This process is also described in Core APIs.