One general approach to web design considers the production of a web page in three layers. The structural layer holds the content and the skeleton of the page: the text, images and other objects; and the markup language to declare what’s what. The presentation layer holds styling information to tell the content how and where to appear on the page. The behavioral layer, finally, scripts the nuances of the interactions between person and page.
A templating system can help model the skeleton for the page content. TYPO3 Fluid and TypoScript work together as a templating system within TYPO3 CMS.
This tutorial introduces TYPO3 Fluid and TypoScript in minimal designs, then moves into a basic design of a web page having a header, footer, top level navigation menu, breadcrumb trail menu, and a body with either one or two columns. The tutorial then modifies the basic design a few times to illustrate different Fluid techniques. The finishing design is flexible enough to produce a two column page structure on demand, when there is content available for the second column.
This is a basic tutorial about templating with TYPO3 Fluid and TypoScript. We assume you have an installed and working TYPO3 CMS version 8 or higher. You should also be familiar with the general principles chapter in the typo3.org Getting Started Tutorial document, and the content elements and pages chapters in TYPO3 Tutorial for Editors.
This tutorial will have you create pages and templates; but after the minimal designs, it will assume you want to generate your own content elements for testing the designs. Most of the templates here can be copied directly into your system as you work through the tutorial.
The tutorial ends with some tips for finding further information about templating within TYPO3 CMS.
~ Andrew Murphy wrote this tutorial in May, 2018.