Implement new widget

See also

For information regarding registration of widgets, see: Register new Widget. This section describes the implementation of new widgets for developers.

Each extension can provide multiple Widgets. ext:dashboard already ships with some widget implementations.

Each widget has to be implemented as a PHP class. The PHP class defines the concrete implementation and features of a widget, while registration adds necessary options for a concrete instance of a widget.

For example a TYPO3.org RSS Widget would consist of an RssWidget PHP class. This class would provide the implementation to fetch rss news and display them. The concrete registration will provide the URL to RSS feed.

PHP class

Each Widget has to be a PHP class. This class has to implement the WidgetInterface and could look like this:

 class RssWidget implements WidgetInterface, RequestAwareWidgetInterface
 {
     private ServerRequestInterface $request;

     public function __construct(
         private readonly WidgetConfigurationInterface $configuration,
         private readonly  Cache $cache,
         private readonly BackendViewFactory $backendViewFactory,
         private readonly ButtonProviderInterface $buttonProvider = null,
         private readonly  array $options = []
     ) {
     }

     public function setRequest(ServerRequestInterface $request): void
     {
         $this->request = $request;
     }

     public function renderWidgetContent(): string
     {
         // @todo: The second argument will fall with one of the next patches, adapt this then.
         $view = $this->backendViewFactory->create($this->request);
         $this->view->assignMultiple([
             'items' => $this->getRssItems(),
             'options' => $this->options,
             'button' => $this->getButton(),
             'configuration' => $this->configuration,
         ]);
         return $this->view->render('Widget/RssWidget');
     }

     protected function getRssItems(): array
     {
         $items = [];
         // Logic to populate $items array
         return $items;
     }

     public function getOptions(): array
     {
         return $this->options;
     }
}

The class should always provide documentation how to use in Services.yaml. The above class is documented at RSS Widget. The documentation should provide all possible options and an concrete example. It should make it possible for integrators to register new widgets using the implementation.

The difference between $options and $configuration in above example is the following: $options are the options for this implementation which can be provided through Services.yaml. $configuration is an instance of WidgetConfigurationInterface holding all internal configuration, like icon identifier.

Using Fluid

Most widgets will need a template. Therefore each widget can define BackendViewFactory as requirement for DI in constructor, like done in RSS example.

Providing custom JS

There are two ways to add JavaScript for an widget:

RequireJS AMD module

Implement TYPO3CMSDashboardWidgetsJavaScriptInterface:

class ExampleChartWidget implements JavaScriptInterface
{
    // ...
    public function getJavaScriptModuleInstructions(): array
    {
        return [
            JavaScriptModuleInstruction::forRequireJS(
                'TYPO3/CMS/MyExtension/ModuleName'
            )->invoke('initialize'),
            JavaScriptModuleInstruction::forRequireJS(
                'TYPO3/CMS/MyExtension/ModuleName2'
            )->invoke('initialize'),
        ];
    }
}

See also

RequireJS in the TYPO3 Backend for more info about RequireJS in TYPO3 Backend.

Plain JS files

Implement AdditionalJavaScriptInterface:

class RssWidget implements WidgetInterface, AdditionalJavaScriptInterface
{
    public function getJsFiles(): array
    {
        return [
            'EXT:my_extension/Resources/Public/JavaScript/file.js',
            'EXT:my_extension/Resources/Public/JavaScript/file2.js',
        ];
    }
}
RequireJS

Implement TYPO3CMSDashboardWidgetsJavaScriptInterface:

class ExampleChartWidget implements JavaScriptInterface
{
    // ...
    public function getJavaScriptModuleInstructions(): array
    {
        return [
            JavaScriptModuleInstruction::forRequireJS(
                'TYPO3/CMS/Dashboard/ChartInitializer'
            )->invoke('initialize'),
        ];
    }
}

All ways can be combined.

Migration from RequireJsModuleInterface

Changed in version 12.0: The RequireJsModuleInterface has been deprecated, use JavaScriptInterface instead.

Affected widgets have to implement \TYPO3\CMS\Dashboard\Widgets\JavaScriptInterface instead of deprecated \TYPO3\CMS\Dashboard\Widgets\RequireJsModuleInterface. Instead of using inline JavaScript for initializing RequireJS modules, \TYPO3\CMS\Core\Page\JavaScriptModuleInstruction have to be declared.

class ExampleChartWidget implements RequireJsModuleInterface
{
    // ...
    public function getJavaScriptModuleInstructions(): array
    {
        return [
            'TYPO3/CMS/Dashboard/ChartInitializer' =>
                'function(ChartInitializer) { ChartInitializer.initialize(); }',
        ];
    }
}

Deprecated example widget above would look like the following when using JavaScriptInterface and JavaScriptModuleInstruction:

class ExampleChartWidget implements JavaScriptInterface
{
    // ...
    public function getJavaScriptModuleInstructions(): array
    {
        return [
            JavaScriptModuleInstruction::forRequireJS(
                'TYPO3/CMS/Dashboard/ChartInitializer'
            )->invoke('initialize'),
        ];
    }
}

Providing custom CSS

It is possible to add custom Css to style widgets.

Implement AdditionalCssInterface:

class RssWidget implements WidgetInterface, AdditionalCssInterface
{
      public function getCssFiles(): array
      {
         return [
             'EXT:my_extension/Resources/Public/Css/widgets.css',
             'EXT:my_extension/Resources/Public/Css/list-widget.css',
         ];
      }
}