Content Mapping

Having a perfect visual appearance of a website is pointless, if the content entered into the backend is not visible in the frontend. In the last step, we map some of the backend columns, which hold content elements such as text, images, etc. to areas in the frontend. This can be achieved easily by using custom TypoScript.

Dynamic Content Rendering in TypoScript

Create a new directory Configuration/TypoScript/Helper/ and inside this directory, a new file called DynamicContent.typoscript with the following content:

lib.dynamicContent = COA
lib.dynamicContent {
   10 = LOAD_REGISTER
   10 {
      colPos.cObject = TEXT
      colPos.cObject {
         field = colPos
         ifEmpty.cObject = TEXT
         ifEmpty.cObject {
            value.current = 1
            ifEmpty = 0
         }
      }
      pageUid.cObject = TEXT
      pageUid.cObject {
         field = pageUid
         ifEmpty.data = TSFE:id
      }
      contentFromPid.cObject = TEXT
      contentFromPid.cObject {
         data = DB:pages:{register:pageUid}:content_from_pid
         data.insertData = 1
      }
      wrap.cObject = TEXT
      wrap.cObject {
         field = wrap
      }
   }
   20 = CONTENT
   20 {
      table = tt_content
      select {
         includeRecordsWithoutDefaultTranslation = 1
         orderBy = sorting
         where = {#colPos}={register:colPos}
         where.insertData = 1
         pidInList.data = register:pageUid
         pidInList.override.data = register:contentFromPid
      }
      stdWrap {
         dataWrap = {register:wrap}
         required = 1
      }
   }
   30 = RESTORE_REGISTER
 }

Once again, describing what exactly this TypoScript does is not part of this tutorial. The only fact that is important is, that the variable lib.dynamicContent contains the content in subject to the column and language in the backend. More details about the TypoScript can be found in the TypoScript Reference.

Include Dynamic Content Rendering

To use the TypoScript, it needs to be loaded (included), so open file Configuration/TypoScript/setup.typoscript and add line @import '...' as shown here in the second line:

@import 'EXT:fluid_styled_content/Configuration/TypoScript/setup.typoscript'
@import 'EXT:site_package/Configuration/TypoScript/Helper/DynamicContent.typoscript'

page = PAGE
page {
   // ...
}

config {
   // ...
}

Typoscript Mapping in Fluid Template

Open file Resources/Private/Templates/Page/Default.html and locate the three columns. They all show a “Headline” (look for the <h2>-tags) and some dummy content (look for the <p>-tags).

Simply replace these lines with the cObject-ViewHelper (<f:cObject ... >), so that file Default.html shows the following HTML code. Make sure, you specify the column positions correctly (1, 0 and 2) and in exactly this order:

<f:layout name="Default" />
<f:section name="Main">

   <main role="main">

      <f:render partial="Jumbotron" />

      <div class="container">
         <div class="row">
            <div class="col-md-4">
               <f:cObject typoscriptObjectPath="lib.dynamicContent" data="{colPos: '1'}" />
            </div>
            <div class="col-md-4">
               <f:cObject typoscriptObjectPath="lib.dynamicContent" data="{colPos: '0'}" />
            </div>
            <div class="col-md-4">
               <f:cObject typoscriptObjectPath="lib.dynamicContent" data="{colPos: '2'}" />
            </div>
         </div>
      </div>

   </main>

</f:section>

Add Content in the TYPO3 Backend

Now it’s a great time to add some content in the backend. Go to WEB → Page and select any of the pages you created before (e.g. “Page 1”). Click the “plus” icon in the column labelled “normal” and choose the “Regular Text Element” content element.

Create New Content Element

Enter a headline (marker 1), some arbitrary text in the Rich Text Editor (RTE) and save your changes by clicking button “Save and close” at the top (marker 2).

Save and Close

The new content element appears in the appropriate column. Repeat this process and enter some further content in columns “left” and “right”, but leave column “border” empty.

Further Content Elements in Left and Right Columns

Preview Page

Finally, clear the frontend cache and preview the page.

Preview Page

Each of the three columns shows the headline and content.

The last section of this tutorial summarises the achievements, discusses some shortfalls of the extension as it stands now and provides some suggestions what to do next.