CONTENT

This object is designed to generate content by allowing to finely select records and have them rendered.

What records are visible is controlled by start and end fields and more standard fields automatically. The internal value SYS_LASTCHANGED is raised to the maximum timestamp value of the respective records.

See also

The cObject RECORDS in contrast is for displaying lists of records from a variety of tables without fine graining.

Comprehensive example

See PHP source code for TYPO3 \ CMS \ Frontend \ Controller \ TypoScriptFrontendController \ ContentContentObject.

Preamble:

# Note: TypoScript (TS) is just another way to define an array of settings which
#       is later on INTERPRETED by TYPO3. TypoScript can be written in ANY order
#       as long as it leads to the same array. Actual execution order is TOTALLY
#       INDEPENDENT of TypoScript code order.
#
#       The order of TS in this example however tries to reflect execution order.
#       The denoted steps are taking place in that order at execution time.

Condensed form:

1 = CONTENT
1 {
   if {
   }
   table = tt_content
   select {
      pidInList = this
      orderBy = sorting
   }
   renderObj = < tt_content
   slide = 0
   slide {
      collect = 0
      collectReverse = 0
      collectFuzzy = 0
   }
   wrap =
   stdWrap =
}

Expanded form:

1 = CONTENT

// STEP 1: do nothing if 'if' evaluates to false

1.if {
   # ifclause =
}
// STEP 2: define parameters

1.table = tt_content           # default='' #stdWrap

1.select {
   pidInList = this
   orderBy = sorting
}

# renderObj = <TABLEVALUE      # default!
1.renderObj =

# slide = 0                    # default! #stdWrap
1.slide = -1

# slideCollect = 0             # default! #stdWrap
1.slide.collect =

# slideCollectReverse = false  # default! #stdWrap
1.slide.collectReverse =

# slideCollectFuzzy = false    # default! #stdWrap
1.slide.collectFuzzy =
// STEP 3: find all records

// STEP 4: apply the renderObj to each record and collect
//         the results as string 'totalResult'

// STEP 5: Apply wrap to the 'totalResult'
1.wrap = |                     # default!

// STEP 6: Apply stdWrap to the 'totalResult'
1.stdWrap =                    # default! #stdWrap

// STEP 6: Return 'totalResult'

See also: if, select, wrap, stdWrap, cObject

select

Property
select
Data type
select
Description
The SQL-statement, a SELECT query, is set here, including automatic visibility control.

table

Property
table
Data type
table name /stdWrap
Description

The table, the content should come from. Any table can be used; a check for a table prefix is not done.

In standard configuration this will be tt_content.

renderObj

Property
renderObj
Data type
cObject
Description

The cObject used for rendering the records resulting from the query in .select.

If renderObj is not set explicitly, then < [table name] is used. So in this case the configuration of the according table is being copied. See the notes on the example below.

Default
< [table name]

slide

Property
slide
Data type
integer /stdWrap
Description

If set and no content element is found by the select command, the rootLine will be traversed back until some content is found.

Possible values are -1 (slide back up to the siteroot), 1 (only the current level) and 2 (up from one level back).

Use -1 in combination with collect.

slide.collect
(integer /stdWrap) If set, all content elements found on the current and parent pages will be collected. Otherwise, the sliding would stop after the first hit. Set this value to the amount of levels to collect on, or use -1 to collect up to the siteroot.
slide.collectFuzzy
(boolean /stdWrap) Only useful in collect mode. If no content elements have been found for the specified depth in collect mode, traverse further until at least one match has occurred.
slide.collectReverse
(boolean /stdWrap) Reverse order of elements in collect mode. If set, elements of the current page will be at the bottom.

Note: The sliding will stop when reaching a folder. See $cObj->checkPid_badDoktypeList.

wrap

Property
wrap
Data type
wrap /stdWrap
Description
Wrap the whole content.

stdWrap

Property
stdWrap
Data type
stdWrap
Description
Apply stdWrap functionality.

Example 1

Here is an example of the CONTENT object:

1 = CONTENT
1.table = tt_content
1.select {
   pidInList = this
   orderBy = sorting
}

Since in the above example .renderObj is not set explicitly, TYPO3 will automatically set 1.renderObj < tt_content, so that renderObj will reference the TypoScript configuration of tt_content. The according TypoScript configuration will be copied to renderObj.

Example 2

Here is an example of record-rendering objects:

// Configuration for records with the "field" type value
// (often "CType") set to "header"
tt_content.header.default {
   10 = TEXT
   10.stdWrap.field = header
   # ...
}

// Configuration for records with the "field" type value
// (often "CType") set to "bullets"
// If field "layout" is set to "1" or "2", a special configuration is used,
// else defaults are being used.
tt_content.bullets.subTypeField = layout
tt_content.bullets.default {
   # ...
}
tt_content.bullets.1 {
   # ...
}
tt_content.bullets.2 {
   # ...
}

// This is what happens if the "field" type value does not match any of the above
tt_content.default.default {
   # ...
}