Constants

Constants are values defined in the "Constants" field of a template. They follow the syntax of ordinary TypoScript and are case sensitive! They are used to manage in a single place values, which are later used in several places.

Defining constants

Other than constants in programming languages, values of constants in TypoScript can be overwritten. Constants in TypoScript can more be seen as variables in programming languages.

Reserved name

The object or property "file" is always interpreted as data type "resource". That means it refers to a file, which has to be uploaded in the TYPO3 CMS installation.

Multi-line values: The ( ) signs

Constants do not support multiline values!

Example

Here bgCol is set to "red", file.toplogo is set to fileadmin/logo.gif and topimg.file.pic2 is set to fileadmin/logo2.gif, assuming these files are indeed available at the expected location.

bgCol = red
file {
    toplogo = fileadmin/logo.gif
}
topimg {
    width = 200
    file.pic2 = fileadmin/logo2.gif
}

The objects in the highlighted lines contain the reserved word "file" and the properties are always of data type "resource".

Using constants

When a TypoScript Template is parsed by TYPO3 CMS, constants are replaced, as one would perform any ordinary string replacement. Constants are used in the "Setup" field by placing them inside curly braces and prepending them with a $ sign:

{$bgCol}
{$topimg.width}
{$topimg.file.pic2}
{$file.toplogo}

Only constants, which are actually defined in the "Constants" field, are substituted.

Constants in included templates are also substituted, as the whole template is one large chunk of text.

A systematic naming scheme should be used for constants. As "paths" can be defined, it's also possible to structure constants and prefix them with a common path segment. This makes reading and fining of constants easier.

Example

page = PAGE
page {
    typeNum = 0
    bodyTag = <body bgColor="{$bgCol}">
    10 = IMAGE
    10.file = {$file.toplogo}
}

For the above example to work, the constants from the last example have to be defined in the constants field.

Overview of the defined setup

Constants in the setup code are substituted, marked in green. In the Object Browser, it's possible to show constants substituted and unsubstituted.

The "Display constants" function is not available if "Crop lines" is selected.