What is to be rendered on a page in the frontend, the menu structure, how content objects are displayed, etc. can be defined with TypoScript - often it is used in combination with the Fluid templating engine.
This document is a reference, used to lookup TypoScript templating basic data types, object types, functions and conditions. This reference is not intended to give you a full introduction into the topic TypoScript.
TypoScript can have 2 meanings:
- TypoScript syntax is used in TypoScript templates and in TSconfig
- TypoScript templates are used to configure the TYPO3 frontend rendering.
Additionally, in TypoScript templates, you must differentiate between
- TypoScript constants (using the TypoScript constant syntax)
- and Typoscript setup
Though TypoScript does include “functions” and “objects” and “conditions” it is not a programming language. Think of it more as a configuration language. The results of the TypoScript setup are used to build a PHP array.
Basically think of TypoScript as a means to “configure” the frontend, while TSconfig is used to configure the backend (with a few exceptions to this principle)
Please read the following for an introduction: