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type = 'select'¶
Selector boxes are very common elements in forms. By the "select" type you can create selector boxes. In the most simple form this is a list of values among which you can choose only one.
There are various shapes of the select type, the images below give an overview. The basic idea is that all possible child elements are always listed. This is in contrast to the group type which lists only selected elements and helps with selecting others via element browser and other tools.
The select type is pretty powerful, there are a lot of options to steer both rendering and database handling.
Select TCA type is used to model a static selection of items or a n:1 database relation or a n:m database relation. For database relations the
foreign_table TCA option is required.
In case of static items the values of the selected items are stored as CSV content.
In case of n:1 (e.g. Organization has one Administrator) the uid of Administrator is stored in the select column of the Organization.
In case of the n:m (e.g. Organization has multiple categories) the uid of the selected categories are stored either in CSV style inside the select column of the organization or as records in an MM-table, if specified in TCA.
Since TYPO3 7.6, specifying renderType when using type='select' is mandatory, see Deprecation: #69822 - Deprecate TCA settings of select fields.
The chosen renderType influences the behaviour of the element and how it will be displayed.
The following renderTypes are available:
selectSingle: Select one element from a list of elements
selectSingleBox: Select one or more elements from a list of elements
selectCheckBox: One or more checkboxes are displayed instead of a select list.
selectMultipleSideBySide: Two select fields, items can be selected from the right field, selected items are displayed in the left select.
selectTree: A tree for selecting hierarchical data items.