Git Cheat Sheet¶
This is a short list of commands. If you are not familiar with the workflow yet, make sure you follow the link at the beginning of each section and read the detailed description.
The following commands assume you are in the working directory of the TYPO3 core repository.
Clone latest master into current directory:
git clone firstname.lastname@example.org:typo3/typo3 .
Workflow - common commands¶
For details see Create a Patch
Reset repo to last remote commit in (remote) master:
git reset --hard origin/master && git pull origin master
Stage and commit all changes:
git commit -a
Is the same as:
git add . git commit
Stage and commit all changes to already existing commit:
git commit -a --amend
Push changes to remote master on gerrit (default method):
git push origin HEAD:refs/for/master
refs/publish is deprecated, we now push to
Workflow - work in progress¶
In case you want to push a “Work in progress”, use the following instead:
git push origin HEAD:refs/for/master%wip
You can also configure Gerrit to always mark your pushes as WIP. In order to do this head over to https://review.typo3.org/settings/ and configure “Set new changes” to “work in progress” by default”.
Workflow -other branches¶
Show all branches:
git branch -a
Checkout 10.4 branch:
git checkout 10.4
Checkout 9.5 branch:
git checkout 9.5
Pushing to a branch other than master only makes sense if the bug only exists on that branch and does not exist on master. Backporting of a fix to a branch is done by the core team member who merges the original fix to the master branch.
Long story short: In most cases, push to master. The rest is being taken care of by core team members!
Push 10.4 branch:
git push origin HEAD:refs/for/10.4
Push 9.5 branch:
git push origin HEAD:refs/for/9.5
Workflow - commit msg¶
Details: Commit Message rules for TYPO3 CMS
Example commit message for a bugfix:
[BUGFIX] Subject line Description Resolves: #12345 Releases: master, 10.4
[BUGFIX] [FEATURE] [DOCS] [TASK] [!!!][FEATURE] [WIP][TASK]
- subject < 52 chars
- other lines <= 72 chars
Workflow - Undoing / fixing things¶
Throw away all changes since last commit:
git reset HEAD --hard
Unstage a file (remove file from index, but keep in working dir):
git reset <path>
Change author for last commit:
git commit --amend --author "Some Name <some@email>"
Squash last 2 commits:
git rebase -i HEAD~2
In the editor, replace ‘pick’ with ‘squash’ in the line describing the latest commit
This is very handy, in case you accidentally created a new commit
instead of adding to an existing commit (with
git commit --amend). This way,
you can merge the last 2 commits and the commit messages.
See also these not TYPO3 specific cheat sheets for git if you are not very familiar with git:
- cheat sheet for git (in several languages)
- “git - the simple guide” by Roger Dudler
- “Oh, shit, git!” by Katie Sylor-Miller is basically a cheat sheet for Git, but focuses mostly on fixing things that went wrong.
To learn more about the internal working of Git, check out these resources: