Also, you may want to check your configuration
$ git push origin HEAD:refs/for/master Permission denied (publickey). fatal: The remote end hung up unexpectedly
If this error happens, double check if you are
- Using the correct SSH user name (which is your user name on typo3.org)
- If your username contains special characters (like @ or !), you must escape them using a backslash (or even better: use a username without special characters)
- You must use an SSH key known to Gerrit
- You must use the correct URL
The following push command (with
-v) shows you the push URL (which contain review.typo3.org):
$ git push origin HEAD:refs/for/master -v Pushing to ssh://<username>@review.typo3.org:29418/REPOSITORY_NAME.git Permission denied (publickey). fatal: The remote end hung up unexpectedly
Debugging the SSH Connection¶
Try connecting to the server with using an SSH client (OpenSSH, Putty, etc.):
ssh -p 29418 <username>@review.typo3.org
If the output looks like this, everything is fine:
**** Welcome to Gerrit Code Review **** Hi <Name>, you have successfully connected over SSH. Unfortunately, interactive shells are disabled. To clone a hosted Git repository, use: git clone ssh://<username>@review.typo3.org:29418/REPOSITORY_NAME.git Connection to review.typo3.org closed.
Otherwise, your SSH client does not automatically choose the right private key file.
By default, ssh searches for the key in
You can manually specify it using the -i parameter:
ssh -p 29418 -i <path-to-private-key> <username>@review.typo3.org
If this works, modify
~/.ssh/config to define the file name for
connections to review.typo3.org:
Host review.typo3.org User <username> IdentityFile ~/.ssh/<keyfile> Port 29418
Now the connection should work without having to specify any parameters as described above.
Push: invalid committer¶
$ git push -v origin HEAD:refs/for/master Pushing to ssh://<username>@review.typo3.org:29418/REPOSITORY_NAME.git remote: ERROR: https://review.typo3.org/#/settings/contact remote: To ssh://<username>@review.typo3.org:29418/REPOSITORY_NAME.git ! [remote rejected] HEAD -> refs/for/master (invalid committer) error: failed to push some refs to 'ssh://<username>@review.typo3.org:29418/REPOSITORY_NAME.git'
This message simply means that your email address is not registered as an Web-Identity. If this error happens, just go to the website that the error message suggests: https://review.typo3.org/#/settings/contact Register the email address you use to push (button “Register New Email”) - even if it is already in the dropdownlist. Click on the link you receive via email. Be sure your are already logged in on review.typo3.org. Otherwise the link does register the email address. Check if your new identity is registered (https://review.typo3.org/#/settings/web-identities). Pushing should work now.
You are not a committer¶
If you are trying to push changes and get this error message, then your email address is probably not known to the system. Open Settings > Identities in Gerrit and check the email address, which is connected to your account (you can add more of them if needed). Additionally, check your setttings in Git with the following command:
git config user.email
If needed, change it with the following command:
git config --global user.email email@example.com
You may change the user/author of your last commit with:
git commit --amend
Missing Change-Id in commit message¶
! [remote rejected] HEAD -> refs/for/X/X (missing Change-Id in commit message)
If pushing a commit fails with this error message, you probably did not copy the commit-hook.
Make sure that the file
.git/hooks/commit-msg exists and is executable.
Afterwards, you have to amend your commit to make it include the Change-Id:
git commit --amend
Push: prohibited by gerrit¶
If Gerrit rejects your push with:
[remote rejected] master -> master (prohibited by gerrit)
you are likely trying to do a simple
git push. However, as Gerrit prohibits
directly pushing to the target branches, you have to use this lengthy command:
git push origin HEAD:refs/for/<release-branch>
git push origin HEAD:refs/for/master
Push: Invalid Key Format¶
You get an error about an invalid key format. This might happen if you didn’t save your key in the OpenSSH format but in a proprietary format like i.e. offered by PuTTY.
Review the sections about creating a valid public/private key pair on your operating system: Setting up Gerrit (ssh)
A valid private key in OpenSSH format starts with the following lines:
-----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY----- Proc-Type: 4,ENCRYPTED DEK-Info: DES-EDE3-CBC,0314A92F87D7FEDF
followed by about 25 lines of seemingly random signs.
Pushing old Patch Set again¶
You want to make an old patch set the current one. You cannot simply checkout Patch Set 1 and push it again, as it is refused with a “no new changes” error message.
Amend the commit using:
git commit --amend
Even without modifying the Commit Message, it gets a new SHA. This commit can be pushed again.