Deprecation: #99905 - Site language "iso-639-1" setting

See forge#99905


A language configuration defined for a site has had various settings, one of them being iso-639-1 (also known as "twoLetterIsoCode").

This setting was previously introduced to define the current ISO 639-1 code, which was different from the locale or the typo3Language setting. However, this information is now properly retrieved with the method: SiteLanguage->getLocale()->getLanguageCode().

Since TYPO3 v12 it is not necessary to set this property in the site configuration anymore, and it has been removed from the backend UI. The information is now automatically derived from the locale setting of the site configuration.

This property originally came from an option in TypoScript called config.sys_language_isocode which in turn was created in favor of the previous sys_language database table. The TYPO3 Core never evaluated this setting properly before TYPO3 v9.

As a result, the amount of options in the user interface for integrators is reduced.

The PHP method SiteLanguage->getTwoLetterIsoCode() serves no purpose anymore and is deprecated.

This also affects the TypoScript getData property siteLanguage:twoLetterIsoCode, and the TypoScript condition [siteLanguage("twoLetterIsoCode")].


Using the TypoScript settings or the PHP method will trigger a PHP deprecation notice.

An administrator cannot select a value for the iso-639-1 setting anymore via the TYPO3 backend. However, saving a site configuration via the TYPO3 backend will still keep the iso-639-1 setting so no information is lost.

Affected installations

TYPO3 installations actively accessing this property via PHP or TypoScript.


No migration is needed as the explicit option is still evaluated. It is however recommended to check if the setting is really necessary, and if the first part of the locale setting matches the iso-639-1 setting. If so, the line with iso-639-1 can be removed.

As for TypoScript, it is recommended to use siteLanguage:locale:languageCode instead of siteLanguage:twoLetterIsoCode.