Feature: #47712 - New Locking API

See forge#47712


The new Locking API follows a new approach. Due to the problem of a very scattered support of locking methods in the various operating systems, the new API introduces a locking service, which provides access to the various locking methods. Some basic methods are shipped with the Core, but the available methods may be extended by extensions.

A locking method has to implement the LockingStrategyInterface. Each method has a set of capabilities, which may vary depending on the current system, and a priority.

If a function requires a lock, the locking service is asked for the best fitting mechanism matching the requested capabilities. e.g. Semaphore locking is only available on Linux systems.

Usage example

Acquire a simple exclusive lock:

$lockFactory = GeneralUtility::makeInstance(LockFactory::class);
$locker = $lockFactory->createLocker('someId');
$locker->acquire() || die('ups, lock couldn\'t be acquired. That should never happen.');

Some methods also support non-blocking locks:

$lockFactory = GeneralUtility::makeInstance(LockFactory::class);
$locker = $lockFactory->createLocker(
        LockingStrategyInterface::LOCK_CAPABILITY_SHARED | LockingStrategyInterface::LOCK_CAPABILITY_NOBLOCK
try {
        $result = $locker->acquire(LockingStrategyInterface::LOCK_CAPABILITY_SHARED | LockingStrategyInterface::LOCK_CAPABILITY_NOBLOCK);
catch (LockAcquireWouldBlockException $e) {
        // some process owns the lock, let's do something else meanwhile
if ($result) {