Language menu

See also

The LanguageMenuProcessor can be used to create a language menu styled by Fluid.

Creates a language selector menu.

The special = language type will create menu items based on the current page record but with the language record for each language overlaid if available.




Data type

comma list of sys_language uids /stdWrap or auto


The number of elements in this list determines the number of menu items. Setting to auto will include all available languages from the current site.



Data type



If set to 1, the button for a language will be rendered as a non- disabled button even if no translation is found for the language.

[tsref:(cObject).HMENU.special = language]


Creates a language menu with pure Typoscript:

lib.langMenu = HMENU
lib.langMenu {
    special = language
    special.value = 0,1,2
    wrap = <ul class="langugageMenu">|</ul>
    1 = TMENU
    1 {
        NO = 1
        NO {
            linkWrap = <li>|</li>
            doNotLinkIt = 1
            stdWrap.override = en || de || fr
            stdWrap.typolink {
       = page:uid
                additionalParams = &L=0 || &L=1 || &L=2
                addQueryString = 1
                addQueryString.exclude = L,id

        // We are in the current language
        ACT < .NO
        ACT {
            linkWrap = <li class="active">|</li>
        // No translation available
        USERDEF1 < .NO
        USERDEF1 {
            linkWrap = <li class="disabled">|</li>
            stdWrap.typolink >

See also

For a language menu styled by Fluid see LanguageMenuProcessor.

Note on item states

When "TSFE->sys_language_uid" matches the sys_language uid for an element the state is set to "ACT", otherwise "NO". However, if a page is not available due to the pages "Localization settings" (which can disable translations) or if no Alternative Page Language record was found (can be disabled with ".normalWhenNoLanguage", see below) the state is set to "USERDEF1" for non-active items and "USERDEF2" for active items. So in total there are four states to create designs for. It is recommended to disable the link on menu items rendered with "USERDEF1" and "USERDEF2" in this case since they are disabled exactly because a page in that language does not exist and might even issue an error if tried accessed (depending on site configuration).