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Rendering Page Trees

In your backend modules you might like to show information or perform processing for a part of the page tree. There is a whole family of libraries in the core for making trees from records, static page trees or page trees that can be browsed (open/close nodes).

This simple example demonstrates how to produce the HTML for a static page tree. The result looks like:

A page tree

A static page tree in TYPO3 Backend

The tree object itself is prepared this way (taken from EXT:examples/Classes/Controller/DefaultController.php):

 1public function treeAction() {
 2   // Get page record for tree starting point
 3   $startingPoint = 1;
 4   $pageRecord = \TYPO3\CMS\Backend\Utility\BackendUtility::getRecord(
 5      'pages',
 6      $startingPoint
 7   );
 9   // Create and initialize the tree object
10   /** @var $tree \TYPO3\CMS\Backend\Tree\View\PageTreeView */
11   $tree = \TYPO3\CMS\Core\Utility\GeneralUtility::makeInstance(\TYPO3\CMS\Backend\Tree\View\PageTreeView::class);
12   $tree->init('AND ' . $GLOBALS['BE_USER']->getPagePermsClause(1));
14   // Creating the icon for the current page and add it to the tree
15   $html = \TYPO3\CMS\Backend\Utility\IconUtility::getSpriteIconForRecord(
16      'pages',
17      $pageRecord,
18      array(
19         'title' => $pageRecord['title']
20      )
21   );
22   $tree->tree[] = array(
23       'row' => $pageRecord,
24       'HTML' => $html
25   );
27   // Create the page tree, from the starting point, 2 levels deep
28   $depth = 2;
29   $tree->getTree(
30      $startingPoint,
31      $depth,
32      ''
33   );
35   // Pass the tree to the view
36   $this->view->assign(
37      'tree',
38      $tree->tree
39   );
  • At the top of the code we define the starting page and get the corresponding page record using \TYPO3\CMS\Backend\Utility\BackendUtility::getRecord().

  • Next we create an instance of \TYPO3\CMS\Backend\Tree\View\PageTreeView, which we use for generating the tree. Notice how the BE_USER object is called to get a SQL where clause that will ensure that only pages that are accessible for the user will be shown in the tree!

  • As a next step we manually add the starting page to the page tree. This is not done automatically because it is not always a desirable behavior. Note the use of \TYPO3\CMS\Backend\Utility\IconUtility::getSpriteIconForRecord() to fetch the right icon for the page.

  • Finally we get the tree to prepare itself, up to a certain depth. Internally this will - in particular - generate a HTML part containing the tree elements and the page icon itself.

  • The rendered page tree is stored in a data array inside of the tree object. We need to traverse the tree data to create the tree in HTML. This gives us the chance to organize the tree in a table for instance. It is this part that we pass on to the view.

The result is rendered with a very simple Fluid template:

<f:for each="{tree}" as="page">
   <tr class="db_list_normal">
      <td>{page.depthData -> f:format.raw()}<f:format.raw>{page.HTML}</f:format.raw> {page.row.title}</td>

We do a simple loop on the tree array of pages and display the relevant elements.