Soft references

Soft References are references to database elements, files, email addresses, URLs etc. which are found inside of text fields.

For example, tt_content.bodytext can contain soft references to pages, content elements and files. The page reference looks like this:

<a href="t3://page?uid=1">link to page 1</a>

In contrast to this, the field pages.shortcut contains the page id of a shortcut. This is a reference, but not a soft reference.

The Soft Reference parsers are used by the system to find these references and process them accordingly in import/export actions and copy operations. Also, the soft references are used by integrity checking functions. For example, when you try to delete a page, TYPO3 will warn you if there are incoming page links to this page.

All references, soft and ordinary ones, are written to the reference index (table sys_refindex).

You can define which soft reference parsers to use in the TCA field softref which is available for TCA column types text and input.

Default soft reference parsers

The TYPO3\CMS\Core\DataHandling\SoftReference namespace contains generic parsers for the most well-known types, which are the default for most TYPO3 installations. This is the list of the pre-registered keys:

substitute

softref key

substitute

Description

A full field value targeted for manual substitution (for import /export features)

notify

softref key

notify

Description

Just report if a value is found, nothing more.

ext_fileref

softref key

ext_fileref

Description

Relative file reference, prefixed EXT:[extkey]/ - for finding extension dependencies.

email

softref key

email

Description

Email highlight.

url

softref key

url

Description

URL highlights (with a scheme).

The default set up is found in typo3/sysext/core/Configuration/Services.yaml:

# Soft Reference Parsers
TYPO3\CMS\Core\DataHandling\SoftReference\SubstituteSoftReferenceParser:
  tags:
    - name: softreference.parser
      parserKey: substitute

TYPO3\CMS\Core\DataHandling\SoftReference\NotifySoftReferenceParser:
  tags:
    - name: softreference.parser
      parserKey: notify

TYPO3\CMS\Core\DataHandling\SoftReference\TypolinkSoftReferenceParser:
  tags:
    - name: softreference.parser
      parserKey: typolink

TYPO3\CMS\Core\DataHandling\SoftReference\TypolinkTagSoftReferenceParser:
  tags:
    - name: softreference.parser
      parserKey: typolink_tag

TYPO3\CMS\Core\DataHandling\SoftReference\ExtensionPathSoftReferenceParser:
  tags:
    - name: softreference.parser
      parserKey: ext_fileref

TYPO3\CMS\Core\DataHandling\SoftReference\EmailSoftReferenceParser:
  tags:
    - name: softreference.parser
      parserKey: email

TYPO3\CMS\Core\DataHandling\SoftReference\UrlSoftReferenceParser:
  tags:
    - name: softreference.parser
      parserKey: url

Examples

For the tt_content.bodytext field of type text from the example above, the configuration looks like this:

$GLOBALS['TCA']['tt_content']['columns']['bodytext'] =>
   // ...

   'config' => [
      'type' => 'text',
      'softref' => 'typolink_tag,email[subst],url',
      // ...
   ],

   // ...
];

This means, the parsers for the softref types typolink_tag, email and url will all be applied. The email soft reference parser gets the additional parameter subst.

The content could look like this:

<p><a href="t3://page?uid=96">Congratulations</a></p>
<p>To read more about <a href="http://example.org/some-cool-feature">this cool feature</a></p>
<p>Contact: email@example.org</p>

The parsers will return an instance of TYPO3\CMS\Core\DataHandling\SoftReference\SoftReferenceParserResult containing information about the references contained in the string. This object has two properties: $content and $elements.

Property $content

<p><a href="{softref:424242}">Congratulations</a></p>
<p>To read more about <a href="{softref:78910}">this cool feature</a></p>
<p>Contact: {softref:123456}</p>

This property contains the input content. Links to be substituted have been replaced by soft reference tokens.

For example: <p>Contact: {softref:123456}</p>

Tokens are strings like {softref:123456} which are placeholders for values extracted by a soft reference parser.

For each token there is an entry in $elements which has a subst key defining the tokenID and the tokenValue. See below.

Property $elements

[
    [
        'matchString' => '<a href="t3://page?uid=96">',
        'error' => 'There is a glitch in the universe, page 42 not found.',
        'subst' => [
            'type' => 'db',
            'tokenID' => '424242',
            'tokenValue' => 't3://page?uid=96',
            'recordRef' => 'pages:96',
        ]
    ],
    [
        'matchString' => '<a href="http://example.org/some-cool-feature">',
        'subst' => [
            'type' => 'string',
            'tokenID' => '78910',
            'tokenValue' => 'http://example.org/some-cool-feature',
        ]
    ],
    [
        'matchString' => 'email@example.org',
        'subst' => [
            'type' => 'string',
            'tokenID' => '123456',
            'tokenValue' => 'test@example.com',
        ]
    ]
]

This property is an array of arrays, each with these keys:

  • matchString: The value of the match. This is only for informational purposes to show, what was found.
  • error: An error message can be set here, like “file not found” etc.
  • subst: exists on a successful match and defines the token from content
    • tokenID: The tokenID string corresponding to the token in output content, {softref:[tokenID]}. This is typically a md5 hash of a string uniquely defining the position of the element.
    • tokenValue: The value that the token substitutes in the text. If this value is inserted instead of the token, the content should match what was inputted originally.
    • type: the type of substitution. file is a relative file reference, db is a database record reference, string is a manually modified string content (email, external url, phone number)
    • relFileName: (for file type): Relative filename.
    • recordRef: (for db type): Reference to DB record on the form <table>:<uid>.

User-defined soft reference parsers

Soft Reference Parsers can also be user-defined. It is easy to set them up by registering them in your Services.(yaml|php) file. This will load them via dependency injection:

VENDOR\Extension\SoftReference\YourSoftReferenceParser:
  tags:
    - name: softreference.parser
      parserKey: your_key

Don’t forget to clear the hard caches in the admin tool after modifying DI configuration.

The soft reference parser class registered there must implement TYPO3\CMS\Core\DataHandling\SoftReference\SoftReferenceParserInterface. This interface describes the parse method, which takes 5 parameters in total as arguments: $table, $field, $uid, $content and an optional argument $structurePath. The return type must be an instance of TYPO3\CMS\Core\DataHandling\SoftReference\SoftReferenceParserResult. This model possesses the properties $content and $elements and has appropriate getter methods for them. The structure of these properties has been already described above. This result object should be created by its own factory method SoftReferenceParserResult::create, which expects both above-mentioned arguments to be provided. If the result is empty, SoftReferenceParserResult::createWithoutMatches should be used instead. If $elements is an empty array, this method will also be used internally.

Using the soft reference parser

To get an instance of a soft reference parser, it is recommended to use the TYPO3\CMS\Core\DataHandling\SoftReference\SoftReferenceParserFactory class. This factory class already holds all registered instances of the parsers. They can be retrieved with the getSoftReferenceParser method. You have to provide the desired key as the first and only argument.

$softReferenceParserFactory = GeneralUtility::makeInstance(SoftReferenceParserFactory::class);
$softReferenceParser = $softReferenceParserFactory->getSoftReferenceParser('your_key');