TYPO3 versions and lifecycle¶
TYPO3 is offered in Long Term Support (LTS) and Sprint Release versions.
The first versions of each branch are Sprint Release versions. A Sprint Release version only receives support until the next Sprint Release got published. For example, TYPO3 v12.0.0 was the first Sprint Release of the v12 branch and its support ended when TYPO3 v12.1.0 got released.
An LTS version is planned to be created every 18 months. LTS versions are created from a branch in order to finalize it: Prior to reaching LTS status, a number of Sprint Releases has been created from that branch and the release of an LTS version marks the point after which no new features will be added to this branch. LTS versions get full support (bug fixes and security fixes) for at least three years. TYPO3 version 11 (v11) and v12 are such LTS versions.
The minor-versions are skipped in the official naming. 12 LTS is version v12.4 internally and 11 LTS is v11.5. Versions inside a major-version have minor-versions as usual (v12.0, v12.1, ...) until at some point the branch receives LTS status.
Support and security fixes are provided for the current as well as the preceding LTS release. For example, when TYPO3 v12 is the current LTS release, TYPO3 v11 is still actively supported, including security updates.
For users of v11 an update to v12 is recommended. All versions below TYPO3 v11 are outdated and the regular support of these versions has ended, including security updates. Users of these versions are strongly encouraged to update their systems as soon as possible.
In cases where users cannot yet upgrade to a supported version, the TYPO3 GmbH is offering an Extended Long Term Support (ELTS) service for up to three years after the regular support has ended. Subscribers to the ELTS plans receive security and compatibility updates.
Information about ELTS is available at https://typo3.com/services/extended-support-elts
LTS and Sprint Releases offer new features and often a modified database structure. Also the visual appearance and handling of the backend may be changed and appropriate training for editors may be required. The content rendering may change, so that updates in TypoScript, templates or CSS code may be necessary. With LTS and Sprint Releases also the system requirements (for example PHP or MySQL version) may change. For a patch level release (i.e. changing from release v12.4.0 to v12.4.1) the database structure and backend will usually not change and an update will only require the new version of the source code.
List of TYPO3 LTS releases:
v8 (8.7 ELTS): No free bugfix/security update. Extended long-term support can be ordered at https://typo3.com/services/extended-support-elts
v9 (9.5 ELTS): No free bugfix/security update. Extended long-term support can be ordered at https://typo3.com/services/extended-support-elts
v10 (10.4 ELTS): No free bugfix/security update. Extended long-term support can be ordered at https://typo3.com/services/extended-support-elts
v11 (11.5 LTS): Versions 11.0 through 11.4 do not receive security updates any longer
v12 (12.4 LTS): Versions 12.0 through 12.3 do not receive security updates any longer
Difference between Core and extensions¶
The TYPO3 base system is called the Core. The functionality of the Core can be expanded, using extensions. A small, selected number of extensions (the system extensions) are being distributed as part of the TYPO3 Core. The Core and its system extensions are being developed by a relatively small team (40-50 people), consisting of experienced and skilled developers. All code being submitted to the Core is reviewed for quality by other Core Team members.
Currently there are more than 5500 extensions available in the TYPO3 Extension Repository (TER), written by some 2000 individual programmers. Since everybody can submit extensions to the TER, the code quality varies greatly. Some extensions show a very high level of code quality, while others have been written by amateurs. Most of the known security issues in TYPO3 have been found in these extensions, which are not part of the Core system.
Announcement of updates and security fixes¶
Information about new TYPO3 releases as well as security bulletins are being announced on the "TYPO3 Announce" mailing list. Every system administrator who hosts one or more TYPO3 instances, and every TYPO3 integrator who is responsible for a TYPO3 project should subscribe to this mailing list, as it contains important information. You can subscribe at https://lists.typo3.org/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/typo3-announce.
This is a read-only mailing list, which means that you cannot reply to a message or post your own messages. The announce list typically does not distribute more than 3 or 4 mails per month. However it is highly recommended to carefully read every message that arrives, because they contain important information about TYPO3 releases and security bulletins.
When security updates for TYPO3 or an extension become available, they will be announced on the "TYPO3 Announce" mailing list, as described above, but also published with much more specific details on the official TYPO3 Security Team website at https://typo3.org/help/security-advisories/.
Security bulletins for the TYPO3 Core are separated from security bulletins for TYPO3 extensions. Every bulletin has a unique advisory identifier such as TYPO3-CORE-SA-yyyy-nnn (for bulletins applying to the TYPO3 Core ) and TYPO3-EXT-SA-yyyy-nnn (for bulletins applying to TYPO3 extensions), where yyyy stands for the appropriate year of publication and nnn for a consecutively increasing number.
The bulletins contain information about the versions of TYPO3 or versions of the extension that are affected and the type of security issue (e.g. information disclosure, cross-site scripting, etc.). The bulletin does not contain an exploit or a description on how to (ab)use the security issue.
For some critical security issues the TYPO3 Security Team may decide to pre-announce a security bulletin on the "TYPO3 Announce" mailing list. This is to inform system administrators about the date and time of an upcoming important bulletin, so that they can schedule the update.
Security issues in the TYPO3 Core which are only exploitable by users with administrator privileges (including system components that are accessible by administrators only, such as the Install Tool) are treated as normal software "bugs" and are fixed as part of the standard Core review process. This implies that the development of the fix including the review and deployment is publicly visible and can be monitored by everyone.
Public service announcements¶
Important security related information regarding TYPO3 products or the typo3.org infrastructure are published as so called "Public Service Announcements" (PSA). Unlike other advisories, a PSA is usually not accompanied by a software release, but still contain information about how to mitigate a security related issue.
Topics of these advisories include security issues in third party software like such as Apache, Nginx, MySQL, PHP, etc. that are related to TYPO3 products, possible security related misconfigurations in third party software, possible misconfigurations in TYPO3 products, security related information about the server infrastructure of typo3.org and other important recommendations how to securely use TYPO3 products.
Common vulnerability scoring system (CVSS)¶
Since 2010 the TYPO3 Security Team also publishes a CVSS rating with every security bulletin. CVSS ("Common Vulnerability Scoring System" is a free and open industry standard for communicating the characteristics and impacts of vulnerabilities in Information Technology. It enables analysts to understand and properly communicate disclosed vulnerabilities and allows responsible personnel to prioritize risks. Further details about CVSS are available at https://www.first.org/cvss/user-guide